Tuesday, January 18, 2022

Lagrangian RDO PNG

Turns out PNG is very amendable to RDO optimization approaches, but few have really tried.

This is something I've been wanting to try for a while. This experiment only injects 3 pixel matches into the PNG Paeth (#4) predictor bytes. It uses an accurate Deflate bitprice model which is computed by first compressing the image to 24bpp PNG using predictor #4, then the 3 pixel matches are inserted.

Original PNG (oxipng): 16.06bpp

Lagrangian RDO proprocess on Paeth bytes+oxipng: 6.17bpp 28.141 dB

Note that blogger seems to losslessly recompress these PNG's (why?), but if you run oxipng on them you get the expected size:

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